Refereed papers



Talucci, A.C., Meigs, G.W., Knudby, A., Krawchuk, M.A. In review. The influence of bark beetle outbreaks on high-severity fire increases as fire weather moderates. Environmental Research Letters

Davis et al (63 co-authors including Krawchuk, M.A.). In review. Reduced fire severity offers near-term buffer to climate-driven declines in conifer resilience across the western United States. PNAS.

Tortorelli, C.M. et al (11 authors including Krawchuk, M.A.). In review. Feeding the fire: annual grass invasion facilitates simulated fire spread across and Inland Northwest forest-mosaic landscape. Ecosphere.

Luedloff, E., Tortorelli, C.M., Luoma, D., Krawchuk, M.A. In review. Getting to the root of it: Root colonization by fungal symbionts in the invasive grass Ventenata dubia. Ecology

Hansen, W.D., Krawchuk, M.A., Trugman, A.T., Williams, A.P. 2022. The dynamic temperate and boreal fire and forest-ecosystem simulator (DYNAFFOREST): Development and evaluation. Environmental Modelling and Software 156(105473): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2022.105473

Shuman, J. et al (87 co-authors including Krawchuk, M.A.). In press. Reimagine Fire Science for the Anthropocene. PNAS Nexus.

Tortorelli, C., Kerns, B.K., Krawchuk, M.A. 2022. The invasive annual grass, Ventenata dubia, is insensitive to experimental removal of above-ground resident biomass across a productivity gradient. Biological Invasions (Early View) 10.1007/s10530-022-02823-5

Edwards, M., Lisgo, K., Leroux, S., Krawchuk, M.A., Cumming, S., and Schmiegelow, F.K.A. 2022. Conservation planning integrating natural disturbances: Estimating minimum reserve sizes under fire and insect outbreak regimes in the boreal forest of eastern Canada. PLOS One 17(5): e0268236. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268236

Tortorelli, C., Kerns, B.K., Krawchuk, M.A. 2022. Community invasion resistance is influenced by interactions between plant traits and site productivity. Ecology 103(7) e3697  https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.3697

D'Evelyn, S.M., Jung, J., Alvarado, E., Baumgartner, J., Calguiri, P., Hagmann, K., Henderson, S.B., Hessburg, P.F., Hopkins, S., Kasner, E.J., Krawchuk, M.A., Krenz, J.E., Lyderson, J.M., Marlier, M.E., Masuda, Y.J., Metlen, K., Mittelstaedt, G., Prichard, S.J., Schollaert, C.L., Smith, E.B., Stevens, J.T., Tessum, C., Whitaker, C., Wilkins, J., Wolff, N.H., Wood, L.M., Haugo, R.D., Spector, J.T. 2022. Wildland fire, smoke exposure, human health, and environmental justice need to be integrated into forest restoration and management. Current Environmental Health Reports, https://doi.org/10.1007/s40572-022-00355-7

Vernier, P.R., Leroux, S.J., Cumming, S.G., Lisgo, K., Esteban, A.S., Krawchuk, M.A. and Schmiegelow, F.K.A. 2022. Comparing global and regional maps of intactness in the boreal region of North America: Implications for conservation planning in one of the world’s remaining wilderness areas. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, section Temperate and Boreal Forests 5:843053 https://doi.org/10.3389/ffgc.2022.843053

Alcasena, F.J.U., Ager, A., Belavenutti, P., Krawchuk, M.A., Day, M. 2022 Contrasting the efficiency of landscape versus community protection fuel treatment strategies to reduce wildfire exposure and risk. Journal of Environmental Management 39:114650   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.114650



Hagmann, K. and team. 2021. Evidence for widespread changes in the structure, composition, and fire regimes of western North American foress (Invited Feature Article). Ecological Applications 31(8). e02431. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.2431

Barros, A.M.G., Day, M.A., Preisler, H. Abatzoglou, J.T., Krawchuk, M.A. Houtman, R., Ager, A.A. 2021. Contrasting the role of human- and lightning-caused wildfires on furture fire regimes on a Central Oregon landscape. Environmental Research Letters 16 (2021) 064081. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ac03da

Downing, W.M., Meigs, G.W., Gregory, M., and Krawchuk, M.A. 2021. Where and why do conifer forests persist in refugia through multiple fire events? Global Change Biology 27(15):3642-3656doi:10.1111/GCB.15655

Reilly, M.J., Halofsky, J., Krawchuk, M.A., Donato, D.C., Hessburg, P.F., Johnston, J., Merschel, A., Swanson, M.E., Halofsky, J.S., and Spies, T.A. 2021. Fire ecology and management in Pacific Northwest forests. In: Fire Ecology and Management: Past, Present, and Future of US Forested Ecosystems (Greenberg, C.H., and Collins, B. Eds.) Springer. Pp. 393-436.



Tortorelli, C., Krawchuk, M.A., and Kerns, B. 2020. Expanding the invasion footprint: Ventenata dubia and relationships to wildfire, environment, and plant communities in the Inland Northwest. Journal of Applied Vegetation Science 49(2):683-696. https://doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12511 (Available free of charge at: https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/60889)

Talucci, A.C., Matosziuk, L.M., Hatten, J.A., and Krawchuk, M.A. 2020. An added boost in pyrogenic carbon when wildfires burn forests with high prefire mortality. Fire Ecology 16(21) https://doi.org/10.1186/s42408-020-00081-1

Morelli, TL., Barrows, C., Ramirez, A., Cartwright, J., Ackerly, D., Eaves, T., Ebersole, J., Krawchuk, M.A., Letcher, B., Mahalovich, M., Meigs, G. Michalak, J., Millar, C., Quinones, R., Stralberg, D., Thorne, J. 2020. Climate change refugia: biodiversity in the slow lane. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 18:228-234. Special Issue on Climate Change Refugia https://doi.org/10.1002/fee.2189

Krawchuk, M.A., Meigs, G.W., Cartwright, J., Coop, J.D., Davis, R., Holz, A., Kolden, C., Meddens, A.J.H. 2020.Disturbance refugia within mosaics of forest fire, drought, and insect outbreaks. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 18:235-244 Special Issue on Climate Change Refugia https://doi.org/10.1002/fee.2190

Downing, W.M., Johnston, J.D., Krawchuk, M.A., Merschel, A.G., and J.H. Rausch. 2020. Disjunct and decoupled? The persistence of a locally endemic, fire-sensitive conifer species in a historically frequent fire landscape. Nature Conservation 55:125828 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2020.125828

Meigs, G.W., Dunn, C.J., Parks, S.A., and Krawchuk, M.A. 2020. Influence of topography and fuels on fire refugia probability under varying fire weaterh in forests of the US Pacific Northwest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2019-0406

Kerns, B.K., Tortorelli, C., Day, M.A., Nietupski, T., Barros, A.M.G., Kim, J.B., and Krawchuk, M.A. 2020. Invasive grasses: A new perfect storm for forested ecosystems? Forest Ecology and Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2020.117985 (Available free of charge at: https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/59939)

Downing, W.M., Krawchuk, M.A., Coop, J.D., Meigs, G.W., Haire, S.L., Walker, R.B., Whitman, E., Chong, G., Miller, C., and Tortorelli, C. 2020 How do plant communities differ between fire refugia and fire-generated early-seral vegetation? Journal of Vegetation Science 31:26-39. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12814



Walker, R.B., Coop, J.D., Downing, W.M., Krawchuk, M.A., Meigs, G.W., Haire, S.L., Malone, S.L. 2019. How much forest persists through fire? Abundance and distribution of forested wildfire refugia across mosaics of burn severity. Forests 10(9),782 https://doi.org/10.3390/f10090782

McWethy, D.B., Schoennagel, T., Higuera, P.E., Krawchuk, M.A., Harvey, B.J., Metcalf, E.C., Schultz, C., Miller, C., Meltcalf, A.L., Buma, B., Virapongse, A., Kulig, J.C., Stedman, R.C., Ratajczak, Z, Nelson, C.R. 2019. Learning to live in increasingly fire-prone landscapes. Nature Sustainability https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-019-0353-8. Available free of charge at: https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/58436

Talucci, A., Lertzman, K., and Krawchuk, M.A. 2019. Drivers of lodgepole pine recruitment across a gradient of bark beetle outbreaks and wildfire in British Columbia. Forest Ecology and Management https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2019.117500

Coop, J.D., DeLorty, T.J., Downing, W.M., Haire, S.L., Krawchuk, M.A., Miller, C., Parisien, M-A., Walker, R.B. 2019. Contributions of fire refugia to resilient ponderosa pine and dry mixed-conifer forest landscapes. Ecosphere 10(7) https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2809

Talucci, A., and M.A. Krawchuk. 2019. Dead forests burning: the influence of beetle outbreaks on fire severity and legacy structure in sub-boreal forests. Ecosphere 10(5) https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2744

Benner, J. Knudby, A., Nielsen, J., Krawchuk, M.A., and Lertzman, K. 2019. Combining data from field surveys and archaeological records to predict the distribution of culturally important trees. Diversity and Distributions https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12947

Higuera, P.E., A.L. Metcalf, C. Miller, B. Buma, D.B. McWethy, E. C. Metcalf, Z. Ratajczak, C.R. Nelson, B.C. Chaffin, R.C. Stedman, S. McCaffrey, T. Schoennagel, B.J. Harvey, S.M. Hood, C.A. Schultz, A.E. Black, D. Campbell, J.H. Haggerty, R.E. Keane, M.A. Krawchuk, J.C. Kulig, R. Rafferty, and A. Virapongse. In press. Integrating subjective and objective dimensions of resilience in fire-prone landscapes. Bioscience 69(5):379-388 https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biz030

Downing, W.M., Krawchuk, M.A., Meigs, G.W., Haire, S.L., Coop, J.D., Walker, R.B., Whitman, E., Chong, G., Miller, C. 2019. Influence of fire refugia spatial pattern on post-fire forest recovery in Oregon's Blue Mountains. Landscape Ecology OnlineFirst: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-019-00802-1



Meddens, A., Kolden, C., Lutz, J., Smith, A., Cansler, C., Abatzoglou, J., Meigs, G., Downing, W., and Krawchuk, M.A. 2018. Fire refugia: what are they and why do they matter for global change? BioScience 11, https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biy103.

Meigs, G., and Krawchuk, M.A. 2018. Composition and structure of forest fire refugia: what are the ecosystem legacies across burned landscapes. Forests 2018, 9(5), 243; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9050243

Barros, A., Ager, A., Day, M., Krawchuk, M.A., and Spies, T.A. 2018. Wildfires managed for restoration enhance ecological resilience. Ecosphere 9:3 https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2161 

Murrillo, P., Hilker, T. Krawchuk, M.A., and VanDenHoek. 2018. Detecting and attributing drivers of forest disturbance in the Columbian Andes using Landsat time-series. Forests 9(5), 269; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9050269



Schoennagel, T., Balch, J.K., Brenkert-Smith, H., Dennison, P.E., Harvey, B.J., Krawchuk, M., Mietkiewicz, N., Morgan, P., Moritz, M.A., Rasker, R., Turner, M.G., Whitlock, C. 2017. Adapt to more wildfire in western North American forests as climate changes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114:4582-4590, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1617464114

Camp, P., and Krawchuk, M.A. 2017. Spatially varying constraints of human-caused fire occurrence in British Columbia, Canada. International Journal of Wildland Fire 26:219-229



Krawchuk, M.A., Haire, S., Coop, J.C., Parisien, M-A., Whitman, E., Chong, G., Miller, C. 2016. Topographic and fire weather controls of fire refugia in forested ecosystems of northwestern North America. Ecosphere 7(12) e01632

Ma, K., and Krawchuk, M.A. 2016. Relationship of tree growth to climate in the Nechako region of central interior British Columbia. SURJ 1(1-12)

Ton, M., and Krawchuk, M.A. 2016. The effects of disturbance history on ground-layer plant community composition in British Columbia. Forests 7(5) 109 doi:10.3390/f7050109

Boer, M.M., Bowman, D.M.J.S., Murphy, B.P., Cary, G.J., Cochrane, M.A., Fensham, R.J., Krawchuk, M.A., Price, O.F., Resco De Dios, V., Williams, R.J., Bradstock, R.A. 2016. Future changes in climatic water balance determine potential for transformational shifts in Australian fire regimes. Environmental Research Letters 11 065002



Whitman, E., Batllori, E., Pariesien, M-A., Miller, M. Coop, J.D., Krawchuk, M.A., Chong, G.W., Haire, S.J. 2015. The climate space of fire regimes in north-western North America. Journal of Biogeography 42:1736-1749

Davidson, L.N.K., Krawchuk, M.A., Dulvy, N.K. 2015. Why have global shark and ray landings declined: improved management or overfishing? Fish and Fisheries doi.1011/faf.12119



Edwards, M., Krawchuk, M.A., Burton, P. 2014. Short-interval disturbance in lodgepole pine forests, British Columbia, Canada: Understory and overstory response to mountain pine beetle and fire. Forest Ecology and Management 338:163-175.

Krawchuk, M.A., Moritz, M.A. 2014. Burning issues: statistical analyses of global fire to inform assessments of environmental change. Environmetrics 25:472-481.

Parisien, M-A., Parks, S.A., Krawchuk, M.A., Little, J.M., Flannigan, M.D., Gowman, L.M., Moritz, M.A. 2014. An analysis of controls on fire activity in boreal Canada: comparing models built with different temporal resolutions. Ecological Applications 24:1341-1356

Roos, C.I., Bowman, D.M.J.S., Balch, J.K., Artaxo, P., Bond, W.J., Cochrane, M., D'Antonio, C.M., Johnston, F.H., Krawchuk, M.A., Kull, C.A., Moritz, M.A., Pyne, S., Scott, A.C., Swetnam, T.W. 2014. Pyrogeography, historical ecology, and the human dimensions of fire regimes. Journal of Biogeography 41:833-836.


2013 and earlier

Bowman, D.M.J.S., Murphy, B., Boer, M.M., Bradstock, R.A., Cary, G.J., Cochrane, M.A., Fensham, R.J., Krawchuk, M.A., Price, O.F., Williams. R.J. 2013. Forest fire management, climate change, and the risk of catastrophic carbon losses. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11:66-68.

Batllori, E., Parisien, M-A., Krawchuk, M.A., Moritz, M.A. 2013. Climate change-induced shifts in fire for Mediterranean ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography 22:118-1129.

Moritz, M.A., Parisien, M-A., Batllori, E., Krawchuk, M.A., Van Dorn, J., Ganz, D., and Hayhoe, K. 2012. Climate change and disruption in global fire activity. Ecosphere 3:art49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES11-00345.1.

Krawchuk, M.A. and Moritz, M.A. 2012. Fire and climate change in California. California Energy Commission. Publication number CEC-500-2012-026/ PDF

Bowman, D.M.J.S., Balch, J., Artaxo, P., Bond, W.J., Cochrane, M.A., D’Antonio, C.M., DeFries, R., Johnston, F.H., Keeley, J.E., Krawchuk, M.A., Kull, C.A., Mack, M., Moritz, M.A., Pyne, S., Roos, C.I., Scott, A.C., Sodhi, N.S., Swetnam, T.W. 2011. The human dimension of fire regimes on Earth. Journal of Biogeography 38:2223-2237.

Parisien, M-A., Parks, S.A., Krawchuk, M.A., Flannigan, M.D., Gowman, L., and Moritz, M.A. 2011. Scale-dependent controls on the area burned in the boreal forest of Canada, 1980-2005. Ecological Applications 21:789-805.

Krawchuk, M.A., and Moritz, M.A. 2011. Constraints on global fire activity vary across a resource gradient. Ecology 92:121-132.

Krawchuk, M.A., and Cumming, S.G. 2011 Effects of biotic feedback and harvest management on boreal forest fire activity under climate change. Ecological Applications 21:122-136.

Parisien, M-A., Parks, S.A., Miller, C., Krawchuk, M.A., Heathcott, M., and Moritz, M.A. 2011. Contributions of ignitions, fuels, and weather to the spatial patterns of burn probability of a boreal landscape. Ecosystems 14:1141-1155.

Moritz, M.A., Moody, T.J., Krawchuk, M.A., Hughes, M., and Hall, A. 2010. Spatial variation in extreme winds predicts large wildfire locations in chaparral ecosystems. Geophysical Research Letters 37:L04801

Bowman, D.M.J.S., Balch, J.K., Artaxo, P., Bond, W.J., Carlson, J.M., Cochrane, M.A., D’Antonio, C.M., DeFries, R.S., Doyle, J.C., Harrison, S.P., Johnston, F.H., Keeley, J.E., Krawchuk, M.A., Kull, C.A., Marston, J.B., Moritz, M.A., Prentice, I.C., Roos, C.I., Scott, A.C., Swetnam, T.W., van der Werf, G.R., and Pyne, S.J. 2009. Fire in the Earth System. Science 324:481-484.

Krawchuk M.A., Moritz, M.A., Parisien, M-A., Van Dorn, J., and Hayhoe, K. 2009. Global pyrogeography: Macro-scaled models for understanding the current and future distribution of fire. Public Library of Science (PLOS One) 4(4): doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005102

Leroux, S.J., Krawchuk, M.A., Schmiegelow, F.K.A., Cumming, S.G., Lisgo, K., Anderson, L., and Petkova, M. 2010. Global protected areas and IUCN designations: does the category match the condition? Biological Conservation 143:609-616.

Krawchuk, M.A. and Moritz, M.A. 2009. Fire regimes of China: Inference from statistical comparison with the United States. Global Ecology and Biogeography 18:626-639.

Flannigan, M.D., Krawchuk, M.A., de Groot, W.J., Wotton, B.M., and Gowman, L.M. 2009. Global wildland fire and climate change. International Journal of Wildland Fire 18:483-507.

Krawchuk, M.A. and S.G. Cumming. 2009. Disturbance history affects the spatial distribution of lightning fire initiation in the mixedwood boreal forest: Observations and simulations. Journal of Forest Ecology and Management 247:1613-1622.

Arienti, M.C., Cumming, S.G., Krawchuk, M.A., and Boutin, S. 2009. Road network density correlated with increased lightning fire incidence in the Canadian western boreal forest. International Journal of Wildland Fire 18:970-982.

Krawchuk, M.A., Cumming, S.G., and Flannigan, M.D. 2009. Predicted changes in fire weather suggest increases in lightning fire initiation and future area burned in the mixedwood boreal forest. Climatic Change 92:83-97.

Gillies, C., Hebblewhite, M., Nielsen, S., Krawchuk, M.A., Aldridge, C., Frair, J., Saher, J., Stevens, C., and Jerde, C. 2006. Application of mixed models to the study of resource selection by animals. Journal of Animal Ecology 75:837-1044.

Krawchuk M.A., Cumming, S.G., Flannigan, M.D., and Wein, R.W. 2006. Biotic and abiotic regulation of lightning fire initiation in the mixedwood boreal forest. Ecology 87:458-468.

Taylor, P.D., and Krawchuk, M.A. 2005. Scale and sensitivity of songbird occurrence to landscape structure in a harvested boreal forest. Avian Conservation and Ecology 1(1): 5. [online] URL: http://www.ace-eco.org/vol1/iss1/art5/

Starzomski, B.M., Cardinale, B.J., Dunne, J.A., Hillery, M.J., Holt, C.A., Krawchuk, M.A., Lage, M., McMahon, S., and Melnychuk, M.C. 2004. Contemporary visions of progress in ecology, and thoughts for the future. Ecology and Society 9(1): 14. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss1/art14

Krawchuk, M.A., and Taylor, P.D. 2003. Changing importance of amount and configuration of habitat among levels of spatial scale for three species of insects. Oikos 103:153-161.

Krawchuk, M.A., and Taylor, P.D. 1999. Roosting behaviour by Fletcherimyia fletcheri (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) in Sarracenia purpurea (Sarraceniacea). The Canadian Entomologist 131:829-830.

Krawchuk, M.A., and Brooks, R.J. 1998. Basking behaviour as a measure of reproductive cost and energy allocation in the painted turtle, Chrysemys picta. Herpetologica 54:112-121.

Brooks, R.J., Krawchuk, M.A., Stevens, C., and Koper, N. 1997. Testing the precision and accuracy of age estimation using lines in scutes of Chelydra serpentina and Chrysemys picta. Journal of Herpetology 31:521-529.

Krawchuk, M.A., Koper, N., and Brooks, R.J. 1997. Observations of a possible cleaning symbiosis between painted turtles, Chrysemys picta, and snapping turtles, Chelydra serpentina, in central Ontario. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 111:315-317.


Other scholarly contributions, including book chapters


Reilly, M.J., Halofsky, J., Krawchuk, M.A., Donato, D.C., Hessburg, P.F., Johnston, J., Merschel, A., Swanson, M., Halofsky, J.S., Spies, T.A. In press (2021). Fire ecology and management in Pacific Northwest Forests. Chapter 10, in Past, Present, and Future Fire Ecology and Management across US Forested Ecosystems, Collins, B., Greenberg, C.H. Editors.      

Krawchuk, M.A., Lisgo, K., Leroux, S., Vernier, P., Cumming, S.G., and Schmiegelow, F.K.A. 2012. Conservation planning under climate change for Canada's boreal ecosystems. In: Climate and Conservation: Landscape and Seascape Science, Planning, and Action. Eds: Chester, C.C., Hilty, J.A., and Cross, M.S. Island Press.

Krawchuk, M.A. 2010. Fire and climate change in China's Priority Protected Areas. The Nature Conservancy China Program Technical Report.

Moritz, M.A., Krawchuk, M.A., and Parsien, M-A. 2010. Pyrogeography: understanding the ecological ‘niche’ of fire. PAGES News.

Moritz, M.A., Krawchuk, M.A., and Keeley, J. 2009. Temperate-Mediterranean North America, In: Vegetation Fires and Global Change, Goldammer, J.G., Ed., United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, Wildland Fire Advisory Group.

Flannigan, M.D., Gowman, L., Wotton, M., Krawchuk, M.A., deGroot, W., and Stocks, B. 2009. Modelling future wildland fire in the circumboreal, In: Vegetation Fires and Global Change, Goldammer, J.G., Ed., United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, Wildland Fire Advisory Group.

Krawchuk, M.A., and Moritz, M.A. 2008. Global pyrogeography: Using coarse-scaled models to understand global and regional patterns of wildfire [abstract]. p.74 in R.E. Masters, K.E.M. Galley, and D.G. Despain (eds.). The ’88 Fires: Yellowstone and Beyond. Tall Timbers Miscellaneous Publication No. 16, Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, Florida, U.S.A.

Myers, R., Johnson, D., and Krawchuk, M.A. 2008. Fire management assessment of the Songshan Nature Reserve, China. The Nature Conservancy Global Fire Initiative Technical Report 2008-1a.

Krawchuk, M.A., and Moritz, M.A. 2007. Historical fire regimes of China: Inference from statistical comparison with the United States. The Nature Conservancy Global Fire Initiative Report.

Waller, E.K., Parisien, M-A., Krawchuk, M.A., and Moritz, M.A. 2007. Quantifying expected area burned for carbon accounting protocols. Winrock International Technical Report.

Schmiegelow, F.K.A., Lisgo, K., Cumming, S.G., Harrison, S.G., Krawchuk, M.A., Leroux, S., Rudyk, S., Young, L. 2005. The Canadian BEACONs Project. Internal Report for the Canadian Boreal Initiative.

Krawchuk, M.A., and McPherson, A.M. 2001. A literature review on landscape connectivity, and for a selected group of animals, habitat and connectivity needs to maintain viable populations. Parks Canada Internal Report.

Krawchuk, M.A., Mullie, A., and Taylor, P.D. 2001. Assessment of habitat use by birds and insects in the Gros Morne Greater Ecosystem: the influence of habitat structure on animal incidence and distribution. Parks Canada Internal Report.

Krawchuk, M.A., and Taylor, P.D. 2001. Passerine birds. In: Ensuring the ecological integrity of the Greater Gros Morne Ecosystem: an independent panel evaluation of potential threats to Gros Morne National Park from adjacent commercial forestry activities. Parks Canada Internal Report.